Development of New TExES Tests
Committees of Texas educators and members of the community guide the development of the new TExES tests by participating in each stage of the test development process. These working committees are composed of Texas educators from public and charter schools, university and EPP faculty, education service center staff, content experts and representatives from professional educator organizations. The committees are diverse in terms of position, affiliation, years of experience, ethnicity, gender and geographical location. The steps in the process to develop new TExES tests are described below.
- Develop Standards. Committees are established to recommend what the beginning educator should know and be able to do. Using the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) as the focal point, draft standards are prepared to define the knowledge and skills required of the beginning educator.
- Review Standards. Committees review and revise the draft standards. The revised draft standards are then placed on the TEA website for public review and comment. These comments are used to prepare a final draft of the standards that will be presented to the SBEC Board for discussion, the State Board of Education (SBOE) for review and comment and the SBEC Board for approval. Standards not based specifically on the TEKS, such as those for librarians and counselors, are proposed as rule by the SBEC Board; sent to the SBOE for its 90-day review; and, if not rejected by the SBOE, adopted by the SBEC Board.
- Develop Test Frameworks. Committees review and revise draft test frameworks that are based on the standards. These frameworks outline the specific competencies to be measured on the new TExES tests. Draft frameworks are not finalized until after the standards are approved and the job analysis/content validation survey (see #4) is complete.
- Conduct Job Analysis/Content Validation Surveys. A representative sample of Texas educators who practice in or prepare individuals for each of the fields for which an educator certificate has been proposed are surveyed to determine the relative job importance of each competency outlined in the test framework for that content area. Frameworks are revised as needed following an analysis of the survey responses.
- Develop and Review New Test Questions. The test contractor develops draft questions that are designed to measure the competencies described in the test framework. Committees review the newly developed test questions that have been written to reflect the competencies in the new test framework. Committee members scrutinize the draft questions for appropriateness of content and difficulty; clarity; match to the competencies; and potential ethnic, gender and regional bias.
- Conduct Pilot Test of New Test Questions. All of the newly developed test questions that have been deemed acceptable by the question review committees are then administered to an appropriate sample of candidates for certification.
- Review Pilot Test Data. Pilot test results are reviewed to ensure that the test questions are valid, reliable and free from bias.
- Administer TExES Tests. New TExES tests are constructed to reflect the competencies, and the tests are administered to candidates for certification.
- Set Passing Standard. A committee of Texas educators participates in a rigorous standard-setting study to recommend a passing score for the test. TEA presents the recommendation to the SBEC Board for consideration. The SBEC Board makes the final determination regarding the passing score.
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